Have you noticed any strange ache in your lower thumb post the keyboard session or after a tennis court session? This can be tedious and troublesome. You are not alone to face this! All those involved in repetitive work activities, sports activities, over texting, twisting thumb motions, or lifting babies may get De Quervain syndrome in their life period.
What is De Quervain’s tenosynovitis?New to this term? De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is an awful condition in which the wrist tendons get affected. The syndrome occurs due to irritation or swelling of tendons around the thumb base. This swelling of tendon and sheaths can result in pain and tenderness along the thumb side of the wrist. A person will be able to notice the symptom while forming a fist, gripping things, or turning the wrist.
What are the Symptoms of Quervain’s tenosynovitis?The main symptom of De Quervain syndrome is pain and tenderness at the thumb base. There may also be a pain while going up the forearm. This pain appears either slowly or suddenly and will get worse with the thumb, hand, or wrist use. Some of the other symptoms include the following:
- Swelling near the thumb base can be felt
- There can be numbness at the back of the thumb and index finger
- Catching or snapping sensation with the thumb movement
- Creaking sound when the tendons move within swollen sheaths
Causes of De Quervain’s tenosynovitisPatients often wonder what causes the condition to occur and if they can prevent its occurrence. The most common cause is wrist overuse. Middle-age women are prone to the condition. You may also feel pain and irritation with the repetitive movements of your hands. Other causes include lifting a child into the car seat, lifting heavy grocery bags by handles, direct injury to the wrist, or inflammatory arthritis. The risks of developing the condition increase if:
- You are women of middle-age
- You are involved in hobbies or jobs involving repetitive hand movements or wrist motions
- Any wrist injury as scar tissue restricts the tendon movements
- Arthritis or hormonal changes during pregnancy